Motor oil is one of the key ingredients for the health and performance of your engine. In this article, we will look at the main aspects that will help you understand the world of motor oils and make an informed choice.
A little about the types of motor oils
There are two main types of motor oils: synthetic and natural (mineral). Synthetic oil is created by chemically treating petroleum to achieve high stability at extreme temperatures and reduce engine wear. It also has less evaporation and deposit formation, which keeps the engine clean and efficient.
Natural oil is obtained from crude oil and contains impurities. It is a more traditional option and may be more affordable. However, it usually does not have the same high stability and performance under extreme conditions.
Operating temperature according to SAE standard
Oils are classified according to operating temperature according to the SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) standard. For example, SAE 5W-30 means that the oil has a low viscosity at low temperatures and a stable viscosity at high temperatures. This classification allows you to choose an oil that works effectively in various climatic conditions.
Classification of oils according to ACEA
ACEA (Association des Constructeurs Européens d’Automobiles) provides a motor oil classification that is the standard for cars in Europe. The ACEA classification defines requirements for oils that provide certain levels of performance and engine protection. For example, the ACEA A3/B4 classification means that the oil is suitable for gasoline and diesel vehicles requiring extended oil change intervals.
Oil classification according to API
The API (American Petroleum Institute) also provides engine oil classifications, especially for vehicles in North America. The API classification includes a letter designation where “S” refers to gasoline engines (Spark Ignition) and “C” refers to diesel engines (Compression Ignition), followed by a performance level number. For example, API SN designates a modern gasoline engine oil that provides excellent protection against wear and deposits.
Can You Save Money On Motor Oil?
Saving on engine oil may seem like an attractive idea, but it can have negative consequences for your engine. High-quality oil provides reliable lubrication and protection of the engine against wear and deposits. The use of poor quality or unsuitable oil can lead to increased engine wear, poor performance and even serious engine damage.
How to choose motor oil?
The choice of engine oil depends on a number of factors, including the recommendations of the vehicle manufacturer, engine type, operating conditions and climatic conditions. It is recommended that you refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual for precise recommendations on oil selection. Consider the type of oil (synthetic or natural), SAE, ACEA, and API classifications, and manufacturer’s recommendations.
How Often Should You Change Oil?
The frequency of engine oil changes may vary depending on various factors, including oil type, engine type, operating conditions, and vehicle manufacturer recommendations. In general, it is recommended to change the oil approximately every 5,000 to 10,000 kilometers or every 6 months, whichever comes first. However, it is recommended that you refer to your vehicle owner’s manual for exact recommendations.
Where is the best place to do an oil change?
To change engine oil, it is recommended to contact specialized car services or official dealers of automobile brands. In such places, experienced craftsmen work who have the necessary skills and knowledge to properly change the oil. They also use quality oils and equipment that meets the requirements of the vehicle manufacturer.
Oil Turned Dark – What Does It Mean?
Darkening of engine oil is a natural process during its operation. During engine operation, the oil collects waste products of combustion and other impurities, which leads to its darkening. This does not always indicate engine problems. However, if the oil turns black or has a strong odor, this may indicate a possible engine problem or the need for an oil change.
In conclusion, choosing and using the right engine oil plays an important role in maintaining the health and performance of your engine. It is recommended that the manufacturer’s recommendations, oil classifications and operating conditions be followed for optimum engine protection and performance.