How a car starter works: diagram, principle of operation, main components and types of breakdowns

Where is the starter located?

The car starter is one of the most important parts of the engine start system. The starter is usually located at the bottom of the engine, between the engine and transmission. It can be found by looking under the hood of the car and identifying the larger and heavier component that is connected to the battery.

Why is a starter needed and what are its functions?

The car starter is used to start the engine. When you turn the ignition key, the starter is engaged to turn the engine and start the engine. Without a starter, you will not be able to start the car engine.

Types of starters

Today there are several types of starters for cars. The most common type is the electric starter, which uses an electric motor to turn the engine’s crankshaft. Another type of starter is the hydraulic starter, which is used in heavy machinery and trucks. The hydraulic starter uses fluid pressure to turn the engine. There are also air turbine starters that use compressed air to turn the engine. However, these types of starters are the most rarely used in modern cars.

The principle of operation of a car starter

An electric starter consists of several main components: a motor, a gearbox and a Bendix switch. When the ignition key is turned, the signal goes to the starter motor, which starts to rotate. The starter gearbox is used to increase the torque that is transmitted to the Bendix derailleur. When the starter motor spins fast enough, the Bendix switch extends and engages the rack and pinion with the engine’s flywheel, allowing the engine to spin and start.

Main components

Important elements of an electric starter include the motor, gearbox, Bendix switch, rack, starter shaft, and starter cover. The motor is the main component of the starter. It creates electrical energy, which is converted into mechanical rotational energy. The gearbox increases the motor torque by transferring it to the Bendix switch. The Bendix switch includes a rack and pinion for engagement with the engine flywheel. The starter shaft connects the motor and gearbox. The starter cover protects the internal components from dust, dirt and other external influences.

Main Types of Breakdowns

Like any other part of the car, the starter can be damaged. One of the most common types of failure is the wear of the Bendix switch. This causes the teeth on the Bendix rack to wear out, necessitating replacement of the part. Another type of failure is associated with wear on the starter cover. If the starter cover is not tightly closed, internal components may become dirty and fail. A broken motor or gearbox can also cause a starter malfunction.

How to protect the starter from failure?

To prevent damage to the starter, regular maintenance of the vehicle, including the engine start system, should be carried out. Regularly check the engine oil level, as excessive oil viscosity can increase the load on the starter. It is also important to monitor the condition of the battery as the starter motor draws energy from the battery to start the engine. Replace or charge the battery if necessary. Finally, try to avoid starting the engine in extreme conditions such as extreme cold or heat, which can stress the starter motor.

In conclusion, a car starter is one of the most important parts of a car. It provides engine start and operation. The starter operation scheme is quite simple: when the ignition key is turned, a signal is sent to the solenoid, which in turn activates the starter motor. The motor starts to rotate and transmits torque to the gearbox, which in turn transmits this torque to the Bendix switch. The Bendix switch turns on the rack and connects the starter motor to the engine flywheel, which causes the engine to start.

The main components of the starter include the motor, gearbox, Bendix switch, rack, starter shaft and starter cover. Worn Bendix switch, worn starter cover, broken motor or gearbox can cause starter failure. To prevent damage to the starter, you should regularly maintain the car, monitor the oil level in the engine, the condition of the battery, and avoid starting the engine in extreme conditions.

We hope that this text has helped you understand the principle of operation of a car starter, its main components and ways to prevent breakdowns. Starting the engine is an important moment in the life of any motorist, so we recommend that you pay special attention to the technical condition of the starter and other components of the engine starting system.

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