Every driver should be aware that the braking system is an integral part of the car, on which the safety on the road depends. Understanding the causes and symptoms of brake failures can save you from potential accidents and keep this critical system running smoothly.
- Brake Pad Wear: Pads are the heart of the brake system and are subject to wear and tear from daily use. Signs of wear may include squeaking, creaking or increased braking distance. Regular inspection and timely replacement of worn pads are essential for effective braking.
- Wear on brake discs and drums: Brake discs and drums are also subject to wear and require attention. Excessive braking vibration or unusual noises may require service or replacement of discs and drums.
- Leaks in the hydraulic line: The hydraulic line carries brake fluid from the brake pedal to the brakes. Leaks in the system can cause loss of pressure and reduced braking performance. If you notice a brake fluid leak under the vehicle or notice a decrease in braking performance, contact a specialist for diagnosis and repair.
- Worn and jammed caliper guides, misaligned brake cylinder: The caliper guides that the pads travel on can wear or get stuck, causing uneven braking and vibration. A misaligned brake cylinder can also cause problems with the brake system.
- Deformation of the brake discs: Intense heating and cooling of the brake discs can cause them to deform. Warped discs lead to vibration and inefficient braking. If you notice vibration when braking, see a mechanic to diagnose and fix the problem.
- Poor deceleration: If your vehicle is slow to decelerate or you need more stopping distance, it could be due to worn brake pads or problems with the braking system. Do not ignore these signs, and contact professionals for inspection and repair.
- Smoke and burning smell from the brakes: If you smell burning or see smoke coming from the brakes, this may indicate overheating or worn pads. This situation requires urgent intervention and replacement of worn parts.
- Dashboard Fault Light: If a light on the dashboard illuminates indicating a problem with the brake system, contact your mechanic immediately to diagnose and fix the problem.
- Broken or kinked brake hoses: The brake hoses that connect the various components of the brake system can be worn or damaged. Broken or kinked hoses can cause brake fluid leakage and insufficient braking. Checking the hoses regularly and replacing them if necessary are important safety precautions.
- Parking brake lever not released: Improper setting of the parking brake can lead to a dangerous situation, especially on a slope. Make sure the parking brake lever is fully released to prevent accidental vehicle movement.
Properly understanding the causes and symptoms of brake problems will help you be a more informed and responsible driver. Regular inspection and maintenance of the brake system will keep it in working order and ensure the safety of your trips. Remember that if you have any doubts or problems with your brakes, always contact a qualified technician.